Portland Cement, Soil Cement, and Cement Slag can be used as chemical stabilizers for Soil Stabilization, Sub-grade Stabilization, Base Stabilization, or Full Depth Reclamation. Cement is one of the most versatile and readily available stabilizing materials in the nation, and plays a vital role in supporting our nations infrastructure responsibly.


Quicklime is cost effective, and available throughout the nation, making quicklime a great solution for drying wet soils. In the site work industry, quicklime is used for soil modification to dry and strengthen soils with a high plasticity rating such as fatty clay.


Lime Kiln Dust, a.k.a LKD, is a byproduct created when manufacturing Quicklime. When limestone is naturally heated, it produces gas with dust. The dust that is screened out is called Lime Kiln Dust.  LKD, has little beneficial use, and is mostly disposed of into landfills. The site work industry uses LKD as a stabilizing agent to dry poor soils.


There are two types of fly ash, Class C and Class F.  Class C has self-cementing properties and is used in the production of concrete as a substitute for Portland Cement, and as a chemical stabilizing & modifying agent to dry and/or strengthen poor soils.  Class F has very little self-cementing properties, but can be combined with additives such as quicklime, hydrated lime, or cement (portland or hydraulic) to create cementitious compounds for the same purposes.



Field and Numerical Investigation of Full Depth Reclamation With Portland Cement in Georgia

High Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (FRC) for Civil Engineering Applications

Portland Cement: It’s Composition, Raw Materials, Testing, and Analysis

Comprehensive Strength Prediction of Portland Cement Concrete With Age Using a New Model

Strength and Durability Assessment of Portland Cement Mortars Formulated from Hydrogen-Rich Water


The Effect of Quicklime Stabilization on Soil Properties

Soil Improvement With Quicklime- Long-Time Behavior and Carbonation

Quicklime and Calcium Sulfoaluminate Cement Used as Mineral Accelerators to Improve the Properties of Cemented Paste

Mineral Resource of the Month: Lime

Quicklime as a Substitute for Blasting Powder

The Effects of Limestone Characteristics and Calcination Temperature to the Reactivity of Quicklime

Lime Kiln Dust (LKD):

Effect of Lime Kiln Dust as an Alternative Binder in the Stabilization of Construction and Demolition Materials

Short-Term Electrical Conductivity and Strength Development of Lime Kiln Dust Modified Soils

Performance of Lime Kiln Dust as Cementitious Material

Alkali Activation of Lime Kiln Dust and Fly Ash Blends for the Stabilization of Demolition Wastes

Physicochemical Characterization of Pelletized Lime Kiln Dust as Potential Liming Material for Acidic Soils

Fly Ash:

A Review on the Utilization of Fly Ash

Modification of Ordinary Concrete Using Fly Ash from Combustion of Municipal Sewage Sludge

Classification and Milling Increase Fly Ash Pozzolanic Activity

Effect of Fly Ash on the Durability Properties of High Strength Concrete

Experimental Study of Mechanical Properties of Fly Ash Stabilized with Cement

Optimizing the Use of Fly Ash in Concrete

Weathering of Fly Ash

Fly Ash as Supplementary Material in Concrete: A Review